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Compiled and written by 

The Ven. Archdeacon H. Palmer Westgate, B.A., D.D. 


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The Venerable Harrison Palmer Westgate, B.A., D.D. 
Archdeacon of Windsor, 

(Deaneries of Essex and Kent) 


®t. Ssh it’s GUjurrij 



1802 - 1952 

The Beginnings of the Anglican Church 
in the Western District 

A QoodUf tMefutacje 

Compiled and written by 

The Ven. Archdeacon H. Palmer Westgate, B.A., D.D, 

Second Edition 










- 11 



Introduction ..-*.-. 

Historical Background .„. 

Richard Pollard and the beginnings 

Richard Pollard's Successors . 

Buildings 1803, 1813, 1820, 1852, 1872, 1906, 
1914, 1919, 1938 ...-. 

Memorial Tablets . 

Other Memorials ....!. 

Parish Registers and Financial Statements . 

Churchyard 1793, 1834, 1896 . . 

Capital Funds ... 

List of Bishops .. 

Daughter Churches .. 

Church Wardens ......... 

Anniversary Services and Events. 














MY FIRST impression of the necessity of writing the 
history of St. John's Church and the important part 
played in the life of the Church by its early leaders came 
to me in 1924. At the 50th anniversary of the opening of 
the present nave and chancel of St. John's on June 23, 
1923, the Very Rev. Warren L. Rogers, dean of St. Paul's 
Cathedral, Detroit, (later Bishop of Ohio) was the special 
preacher. He extended an invitation to Mrs. Westgate 
and myself to be the guests of the Cathedral for the week's 
celebration of its centenary in 1924. The Dean also added 
that the Bishop of Michigan would like me to speak during 
the celebration at some opportune time on the life of 
Richard Pollard, the founder of St. John's and also of the 
Cathedral. Thus began my research for the life story of 
Richard Pollard. On International Night at the banquet 
at the Statler Hotel with over 1200 present the late Canon 
H. J. Cody was the Canadian speaker and in a 10 minute 
extemporary address I spoke about Richard Pollard. The 
next day Bishop Page asked me if I would kindly put into 
writing what I had said at the Banquet, for their archives. 

Again at the dedication of the memorial tablet over 
the grave of Richard Pollard in St. John's Churchyard 
June 3, 1943, by Bishops Seager of Huron and Creighton of 
Michigan, who spoke at the Church service, it was my lot 
to deliver the address on the life of Richard Pollard at 
the reception held in the Parish Hall afterwards. When 
leaving Bishop Seager said to me, "Westgate, have printed 
what you have told us tonight that it may not be lost to 
the Church. It is valuable history." 

So this 150th anniversary year seemed to be an 
opportune time to gather together in book form some of 
the most interesting and outstanding material now on 
hand with the sincere hope that the reading of the same 
may increase the missionary interest in the Church, and 
inspire men and women to devote their lives to the cause 
of Christ as Rev. Richard Pollard did, and to recognize 


that mighty oaks from acorns grow. In the county of 
Essex, there are today 27 churches and 24 active clergy; in 
Kent, 21 churches and 10 active clergy. Essex and Kent 
embrace the Canadian field ministered to by the Reverend 
Richard Pollard. 

I have made no attempt to include in this small volume 
the work of other Christian bodies in this community. 
None, except the Roman Church had any permanent or¬ 
ganization as early as the Anglican. Inasmuch as the 
earthly lives of my own three sons were cut off in their 
youth and no heir is left to take up the torch when I lay 
it down, I dedicate this book to their memory. 


HELP in supplying and gathering the material to¬ 

gether in this book, I gratefully acknowledge the assist¬ 
ance of Mr. George MacDonald who has supplied me 
with an unlimited amount of authoritative information and 
cuts; Reverend Dr. Millman of Huron College; Dr. N. Morri¬ 
son, Fred Neal's book, "Sandwich Past and Present"; Judge 
Wood's "Centenary of St. John's" and "Harrison Hall"; 
History of St. Paul's Cathedral, Detroit; Dr. Young's Life of 
Richard Pollard; copies of correspondence of Richard 
Pollard with S. P. G. and of the meetings of the Society; 
Miss Gertrude Tate, Toronto; Canon R. S. W. Howard's 
article on the Church in Chatham; Dr. Quaife of Burton 
Historical Library in Detroit; F. Coyne Hamil's "The Valley 
of the Lower Thames"; Mrs. Westgate and my daughter, 
Mary Margaret, for assistance in research work and read¬ 
ing of manuscripts. 


From "The Valley of the Lower Thames" by Hamil 
Page 16: District of Hesse —From Long Point on Lake Erie 
to Detroit. (Land Board met June 19, 1789.) 

Mackinaw —Country south to Ohio and westward to 


Page 20: July 16, 1792 Governor Simcoe divided Upper 
Canada into 19 counties. 

Essex County then included the land south of the 
Thames as far as the carrying place (Communication 
Road) between Points Aux Pins (Rondeau) and the site 
of Chatham. The territory east of this in the present county 
of Kent was made part of the short-lived county of Suffolk. 

Kent County then consisted of the land north of the 
Thames River not included in other counties or belonging 
to the Indians, as well as Detroit which was connected to 
the rest of the county by a four-mile strip along the south 
shore of Lake St. Clair. In October the districts were re¬ 
named and the District of Hesse became the Western 


THE EARLY history of Sandwich is linked with the British 
occupation of Canada which began when the British 
under General Wolfe defeated the French at the Battle of 
the Plains of Abraham in 1759 and Canada became a 
British possession. Detroit, however, did not surrender 
until 1760. By the Quebec Act of 1774, all British posses¬ 
sions west of New York, north of Ohio and east of the 
Mississippi were incorporated in the old Province of 
Quebec with the western part of the territory divided into 
four districts; namely, Kingston, York, Niagara and Detroit. 
In 1788 the British Government paid to the Chiefs of the 
Wyandottes or Huron Indians, the Chippawa and the 
Ottawa, the purchase price demanded by the joint tribes, 
for the peaceable possession of a piece of ground one mile 
square the centre of which was the original town of Sand¬ 
wich. Part of the newly acquired block of land was im¬ 
mediately surveyed, and plotted into one acre lots for 
settlement and the future county town was given the name 
of Sandwich. It was incorporated January 1, 1858. 


By the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, 1783, the 
southern boundary of Canada was to be the middle of 
the Great Lakes as far west as the Lake of the Woods, etc. 
However, Great Britain did not give up the territory to the 
north and west of the Detroit River, contending it was 
Indian territory and not to be included with the thirteen 
revolting states. By the terms of the Jay Treaty, 1794, 
implemented by the Exodus Act, 1796, Britain yielded this 
territory to the United States and removed the government 
offices from Detroit to Sandwich, July 11, 1796. The great 
majority of those of British stock, who wished to remain 
loyal to the Crown, moved at the same time and took up 
residence on the south side of the river (at this point the 
Detroit River flows westward). Thus was established the 
first large settlement of English-speaking people on what 
is now the Canadian side of the Detroit River. According 
to Judge Woods' book "Harrison Hall", it was decreed that 
if Sandwich did not prove a suitable location the offices 
were to be moved to Bois Blanc Island after having given 
three months' notice of such removal. 

Those who held church services on this frontier prior 
to 1796, according to Professor Young, were: (1) Rev. 
Philip Toosey of Quebec, who visited here in 1786 and 
who on his return, asked to be appointed missionary to 
Detroit. His plea, however, was not granted; (2) Rev. 
George Mitchell a few years later, who, after remaining 
eighteen months, returned to Quebec without establishing 
anything of a permanent nature by way of regular ser¬ 

The following letters copied from the archives at 
Ottawa throw some light on the moral life of the com¬ 
munity in 1798 and the anxiety of Peter Russell, admin¬ 
istrator of the Province in the absence of the Lieutenant 



Upper Canada York 
22nd February, 1798 

"Yet it is at the same time my wish that no time 
should be lost in placing a discreet good Clergyman at 
Sandwich and giving him a Church there; because its 
Vicinage to a Military Frontier of the United States whose 
Soldiers are daily deserting to this Side exposes it to a 
most dangerous Contagion; which if not early opposed 
by the improved Morals of its Inhabitants may spread 
wide and be ultimately productive of every Evil that can 
be apprehended from a total disregard to all the Duties 
we owe to God and Man. The Necessity of such an anti¬ 
dote is moreover strongly impressed on my mind by a 
letter which I have just received from the Chairman of 
the Bench for the Western District, where he implores my 
immediate assistance towards rebuilding their Jail which 
has been lately burnt—as they have no proper place to 
confine the Multitudes of American Deserters who are 
daily committed by the Magistrates for every Crime that 
can blacken a New Year Kalendar." 

Your Lordships most obedient and 
most Humble Servant 


The Russell Papers—Cruickshank—Vol. 2; Page 97 


Quebec 12th June, 1798 

"I see, and feel very strongly, Sir, the force of your 
reasoning relative to the expediency of placing, as soon 
as possible, a discreet good Clergyman at Sandwich. The 
manifold evils which immediately flow in, wherever there 
is a total suspension of Religious and Moral instruction, 
acquire, undoubtedly great additional activity from the 
local circumstances mentioned by you; but they are of 


themselves and in all cases, of a nature so malignant as 
to produce a perversion in principle, and a profligacy in 
practice utterly inconsistent with the duties of good men, 
and of good subjects—They are evils no less of political 
than of moral consideration, and, feeling them to be such, 
I can not but deeply regret the long delays that have 
already taken place, and the ground that has perhaps 
irrevocably been lost. 

I have the honour to be, Sir, 

with sincere respect and esteem, 

Yr faithful & obedt servant 
The Russell Paper—Vol. 2; Page 178 

I. Q-" 


Upper Canada 
York 4th July, 1798 

"The Western District being the only one which has 
reported to me its appointment of Wardens to take charge 
of the Monies to be collected <& appropriated for the build¬ 
ing a Church therein, I have as yet drawn on the Lords of 
the Treasury towards this Service for only two Hundred 
Pounds in favor of the Wardens of Sandwich, to enable 
them to build an Episcopal Church in that Town." 

I have the Honor to be &c. 


The Russell Papers—Cruickshank Vol. 2, Page 200 




The Lords Commissioners of His Majesty's Treasury 
having had under their consideration your letter dated 
Canada 22nd June last, advising of your having drawn 
a Bill on this Board for the sum of £200 towards building 


an Episcopal Church in the Town of Sandwich!—I am 
commanded by their Lordships to acquaint you they have 
directed Mr. Charles Goddard the late Agent for the 
Province to pay the said Bill out of the sum of One Thous¬ 
and Pounds impressed into his hands, and voted by Par¬ 
liament for the building of Churches in that Province; and 
I am to desire you will draw for the remaining sums upon 
Mr. Goddard and not upon their Lordships. 

I am, 

Treasury Chambers 
18th Dec. 1798 


Peter Russell Esq. etc. etc. 

Upper Canada, York." 

(State Papers, Upper Canada, 1798) 

The Russell Papers, (Cruickshank) Vol. 3, Page 39. 



A MONGST the officials who moved from Detroit to Sand¬ 
wich was one, Richard Pollard. The records of his 
life prior to 1796 are rather sketchy, but certain facts are 
available. He was born in England in 1752 and came to 
the New England States sometime before 1776 in which 
year we learn, "He got aboard a King's ship and escaped 
from the revolting colonies." In 1778 he is listed as a 
juror at a trial in Montreal of a man charged with theft 
which took place in Detroit. In 1782 we read of his being 
in Mackinaw and we also find him listed as an ensign 
in the 8th Reg't at Detroit. (M.P. Vol. XIII-93-97); 1784 in 
Detroit; 1788 a merchant trading with the Indians; (Vol. 
XI-582); 1789 appointed the first postmaster of Detroit; 

1792 sworn in as sheriff of the Western District at Kingston; 

1793 appointed Registrar of Essex and Kent; 1794 appoint¬ 
ed Registrar of Surrogate Court; 1796 the Government 
Offices moved to Sandwich from Detroit; 1800 Sheriff of 


Essex, Kent and such parts of Upper Canada which were 
not included in any other district; and in 1801 made Judge 
of the Surrogate Court. 

As there was no ordained clergyman in Sandwich, 
it is said that Sheriff Pollard gathered the people together 
every Sunday in the building which served for govern¬ 
ment offices, and read the Church of England service arid 
printed sermons. He undoubtedly felt that no community 
could progress without the services of an ordained man 
and offered himself to the Right Rev. Jacob Mountain, 
first Bishop of Quebec, who, despairing of getting clergy 
from England for his vast diocese, and having no training 
college for young men in Canada, was seeking mature 
men of liberal education and good report, for the work of 
the ministry. Sheriff Pollard was recommended by the 
Lieutenant Governor and the Chief Justice of Upper Can¬ 
ada. Of him Bishop Mountain said: "He had very satis¬ 
factory testimonials from the most respected people there, 
to which were added many testimonies of esteem and 
regard from persons of the first consideration." 

The records of Bishop Mountain in Quebec show that 
he was ordained deacon, 20th of March, 1802, and priest, 
2nd of June, 1804, and appointed missionary to the Western 
District. At the time of his ordination to the diaconate he 
was 50 years of age. 

The first entry in St. John's parish register is of a 
baptism by him on 24th of May, 1802. From, further entries 
we learn that he also made a trip to Quebec in 1803, as 
well as in 1804, when he was ordained priest. From a 
letter to John Askin, Esq., 6th of August, 1806, he contends 
that these three trips to Quebec together with a cost of 
200 pounds, which it cost him "to get quit of the sheriff's 
office" and other "tolls" left him heavily in debt, but if 
given time would pay all. His salary was 150 pounds 
sterling, 50 pounds coming from the Society for the Propa¬ 
gation of the Gospel (S.P.G.), and 100 pounds from the 
Imperial Government. 


Sandwich was his headquarters and from here he 
ministered to congregations at Fort Malden (now included 
in Amherstburg) being chaplain to the militia stationed 
there, a settlement on Lake Erie (now Colchester) and 
another settlement on the Thames (now Chatham). He 
also held services in the Indian Council House in Gladwin 
Park in Detroit in 1805, and more or less regularly until 
1821, from which St. Paul's Cathedral and the Diocese of 
Michigan trace their origin. An itinerary of his vast parish 
involved a journey of at least 240 miles. A record of his 
ministry in Amherstburg, Colchester and Chatham will 
appear in articles on these respective parishes. 

The first St. John's Church, 1803. 

The earliest account to be found in the records of St. 
John's of a church building was in 1806, when a wedding 
was recorded as held in the parish church, 21st of Sep¬ 
tember, 1806. Tradition in the community favours 1803 
as the date of the first church. In an account with the 
store of Robt. Gowie, 1807, listed in Sterling, Halifax, and 
New York currency are a number of articles suitable for 

For St John's Church, 1952 see pages 36 and 37 

furnishings for the church. In the minutes of a vestry 
meeting held 23rd of March, 1807, two resolutions are 
recorded dealing with pew rents and changes from 1806. 

In Mr. Pollard's earlier correspondence (1804) he re¬ 
ports to the S.P.G. that the population of Sandwich "the 
county town", was 1140, of whom 900 were Roman 
Catholics and 240, Church of England "without one Pro¬ 
testant dissenter". This was modified later by a report 
that 50 Scotch Dissenters were to be deducted from the 
240. In the surrounding country, there were 1200 or 1400 
who would become members of the church if missionaries 
were sent to them. 

His ministry in Sandwich seems to have been con¬ 
tinuous from 1802 to 1824, except for two periods: (1) when 
he resided in Amherstburg for a short time, having re¬ 
ceived the appointment of acting chaplain to the garrison 
there, with lodging money and an officer's rations; (2) 
during the war of 1812-14, when he was taken prisoner with 
General Proctor at the Battle of Moraviantown and later 
released and was allowed to go to York, where he minis¬ 
tered for a time, also at Barton and Ancaster, and last at 
Ernestown (now Bath) and Fredericksburg. Rev. Canon 
McTear, one time rector of Bath, verified his signatures. 
A memorandum in Vol. 2 of the Parish Register reads: 
"The Rev. Richard Pollard, rector of Sandwich, was absent 
from that place from February, 1814, to June, 1815, on 
account of the war and was appointed and resided at 
Ernestown, on the Bay of Quinte, during that period." 
There is no entry in the register from January 6th, 1814, 
to June 2nd, 1815. In 1816 Mr. Pollard received a gratuity 
of 100 pounds in consideration of losses suffered from the 

During the war in September, 1813, the Church was 
burned to the ground, and in some minds the origin of 
the fire is still a mystery. F. Neal states in his book: "Gen. 
Harrison stabled the Kentucky horse in the church and 
when driven out burned the church behind them." The 


government gave the church an acre of ground on the 
opposite side of the street as a compensation for the loss. 
On this acre now stands the parish hall and rectory. 
Efforts to rebuild the church were not successful until 
about 1819, when a building 36 x 36 was erected with 
brick brought on scows from Buffalo. The cost of the 
building was $2,000, of which the congregation subscribed 
$1,100, a grant from the S.P.G. of 50 pounds—a debt of 
$400 remained. Apparently Mr. Pollard paid considerable 
of his salary to the assistance of the churches in building. 
In Sandwich he contributed $157 in addition to his sub¬ 
scription in order to pay the workmen. The church was 
opened 11th of June, 1820, but without belfry, pulpit, etc. 
This church was consecrated 26th of September, 1838. 
Simultaneously with the building of the church in Sand¬ 
wich was the building of a brick church in Amherstburg, 
a stone church in Colchester, and a frame church at 

In many of his letters to the S.P.G. he appeals for men 
to minister to the population in this fine extensive country, 
and money to build churches and schools. He deplores 
the fact that many marriages are performed by magis¬ 
trates because the law allows the same when people are 
18 miles from one of the regular clergy. He also deplores 
the fact that for want of regular clergy, the Methodists are 
gaining ground by means of most illiterate teachers. "He 
travelled much, visiting much, distributing sermons, ex¬ 
plaining the orthodox faith of our Church on faith and 
works, on Divine grace, etc., calling the families together 
in an evening, endeavouring to establish our holy faith, 
stript of the fascinating garb of superstition and enthus¬ 

While Mr. Pollard apparently got rid of the sheriff's 
office in 1802, he retained the office of registrar until 18th 
of November, 1808, when he appointed William Hands, 
deputy registrar of the counties of Kent, Essex, and Suf¬ 
folk. He passed to his reward 6th of November, 1824, at 


the age of 72 years and was buried under the east window 
of the church, which he had succeeded in building but 
four years before. On page 24 in the financial statement 
of the Church Wardens occurs the following item: "Jan¬ 
uary 2, 1826, to paid Prevancher for opening the Church 
floor to deposit the remains of the late Rev'd R. Pollard, 

Surely among the makers of Canada in this western 
peninsula of Ontario, no greater name can be found than 
that of Richard Pollard, soldier, lawyer, sheriff, judge, 
and above all, a priest of the Church of England, who 
spared not himself that the Gospel of Jesus Christ might 
be faithfully preached and the sacraments of the Church 
duly administered, thus laying a moral and spiritual 
foundation upon which true national life is built. 

By far the most colourful of all the incumbents of St. 
John's was the first, the Rev. Richard Pollard. 



Rev. Robert Short 1825-1827 

The Rev. Robert Quick Short was born at Bristol, 
England July 9, 1803. Like Zachaeus, he was short of 
stature and commonly spoken of as "Little Bobby Short". 
Judge Woods in his book, "Centenary of St. John's", said, 
"that one morning the congregation was waiting his 
appearance and as he didn't come I was sent to tell him. 
After making some excuse which I forget, he came and 
relieved the impatient congregation." He was unmarried 
when he came here but later married Miss Maria Forsyth 
of Sandwich. After serving in several missions in Lower 
Canada, he died in 1879 in Montmorency. He was a 
grandson of the Rev. Robert Short, rector of Three Rivers, 


Rev. Edward Jukes Boswell 1827-1829 

The Reverend Edward Jukes Boswell was born in 
Hampshire, England, 5th of April, 1799, and was educated 
in a private school in Buntingford. Coming to Canada, 
he lived in Cobourg sometime before 1823. He was pre¬ 
pared for Holy Orders in all probability by another 
clergyman, according to the system customary in those 
days. He was ordained Deacon on 4th of November, 
1827, and was licensed to the cure of souls at Sandwich 
by the Bishop of Quebec on 21st of November, 1827. In 
1829 he was ordained Priest and ministered in Sandwich 
and the immediate neighbourhood from 1827-1829, when 


he was transferred to London as the first missionary 
stationed in that now Cathedral City, preceeding the Rev. 
Benjamin Cronyn, later the first Bishop of Huron on its 
organization as a diocese in 1857. From 1831-1833 he held 
services also at St. Thomas. In 1833 he was in Montreal 
in Charge of the garrison and of the congregation of 
Lachine. From 1834-1844 he was at Carleton Place; from 
1847-1860 at Williamsburg (now Morrisburg). The degree 
of D.C.L. was conferred upon him by Trinity College in 
1857. In 1862 he became the rector at Prescott and from 
1862-1868 was examining chaplain to the Bishop of Ontario. 
He died in August, 1879, at Kingston. 

Rev. Wm. Johnson 1829-1840 

Reverend William Johnson was born and educated 
in Ireland. However, he came from the West Indies to 
Amherstburg to teach in the Grammar School and later 
taught in the Grammar School in Sandwich in 1828. After 
a time he was ordained to the ministry in Montreal. He 
was a great classical scholar and a genial Irish gentle¬ 
man. Rev. Wm. Johnson had a family of four or five 
children, one of whom was Canon Johnson, Windsor. 
He continued as rector until his death on 5th of September, 
1840 at the age of 46 years and was buried by the Rt. Rev. 
Samuel McCoskey, Bishop of Michigan. In addition to 
the tablet to himself, there are two, to daughters of his in 
St. John's Church. 

It was during his incumbency in August 1833, that 
Colonel John Prince came to Sandwich. As there was no 
pew available for him and his family, arrangements were 
made whereby he was permitted to build his own, and 
pay for it by allowances on his pew rent. This was the 
first square pew put in the Church and was placed under 
the pulpit. The family was most exemplary in its attend¬ 
ance at Church and their influence was felt far and wide. 
Col. Prince was warden from 1834-1836, when he became 


the member of Parliament. "A look at the parish register 
shows at once the hand of the lawyer in the regular entry 
of the vestry meetings, the resolutions and accounts 
passed, etc. as well as the skill of the accomplished con¬ 
veyancer as seen in the fine engrossing in old English 
characters on the first page.” (F. Neal). Col. Alan C. Prince 
of Windsor is a great-grandson and presented St. John's 
with the quarter cut oak reredos in 1943 in memory of 
his mother and aunt. 

The Patriots Rebellion of 1837-1838, so called, was dur¬ 
ing Mr. Johnson's ministry and the murder of Dr. James 
John Hume by the patriots was among the tragic events 
of his ministry. 

At a meeting in Sandwich in 1838, held in the interests 
of the British and Foreign Bible Society by its agent, James 
Thomson, an Anglican clergyman and the Wesleyan 
minister were on the platform with the speaker. Some 
one in the audience referred to the speaker as a Yankee 
stroller, the Wesleyan minister as a fellow stroller and 
the Anglican clergyman was scolded for having permitted 
such adventurers to enter the town and get a hearing." 
(F. Landon—"Western Ontario”, page 185). (Rev. Wm. 
Johnson was the Anglican clergyman at that time.) This 
attitude of some of the audience was typical of the hostile 
feelings or attitude of many people of Western Ontario 
towards any person coming from the United States. 


Rev. Thomas Earl Welby 1841-1843 

The Reverend Thomas Earl Welby was a Major in 
the army and had been an officer in the 13th Dragoons in 
India. He was a man of considerable private means and 
had a large estate at Brantford where he served in the 
army in 1837. He belonged to one of the oldest families 
in England antedating the Norman conquest. With his 
sense of duty as a soldier and his great regard for his 
high office as a clergyman of the Church of England, he 
was soon an active, zealous, popular and loved pastor. 
A private in the army with feet bruised and swollen by a 
long march from Hamilton to Brantford, finds himself 
cared for by the Major, who on his knees bathed and 
soothed his aching feet. The private was well-known in 
1902 as Judge Woods of Chatham, a grandson of Commo¬ 
dore Grant. As his Master, his motto was "I am among 
you as He that serveth". We are indebted to him for the 
gift of the rectory and what endowment St. John's has. 
The property acquired by him on the river front for a 
residence was left to the Bishop of Toronto for the benefit 


of the rector of St. John's and him only. His child's grave 
in the Churchyard is a special care of the Church. 

He was Vice-President of the Western District Literary, 
Philosophical and Agricultural Club. With the assistance 
of a godly layman, Major Sparkes, he established a church 
in the Irish settlement on the Talbot Road, which is now 
St. Stephen's. He returned to England, and in 1850 was 
made Archdeacon of Capetown and in 1852, in Lambeth 
Palace was consecrated Bishop of St. Helena with Episco¬ 
pal jurisdiction over nearby Islands. He reached a good 
old age, but was killed by his horses running away in 1900. 

Rev. William Ritchie 1843-1852 

With the Rev. Mr. Leitch, Reverend W. Ritchie came 
to us from the Presbyterian Church having been minister 
of the Church of Scotland at Newmarket. After being 
trained at the Diocesan Theological Institute at Cobourg 
under the Rev. Professor A. N. Bethune, later 2nd Bishop 
of Toronto, he was ordained deacon on 2nd of July, 1843, 
and appointed to Sandwich. 

We gather Bishop Strachan held Confirmation ser¬ 
vices in Sandwich, the 4th of August, 1845, and on the 
28th of June 1848 held Confirmation services in Sandwich 
and in the Irish Settlement (now St. Stephen's). In Mr. 
Ritchie's report for 1844 he gives the extent of his mission 
as 260 square miles, which includes the townships of 
Sandwich, Maidstone and Rochester, with a gross popu¬ 
lation of 4,820, of which 765 are Church of England, the 
value of the living being £ 100. During the year he had 
41 baptisms, 7 marriages, and 9 burials. 

For nine years he ministered to St. John's and then 
went to a charge in the County of Simcoe. 


Rev. E. H. Dewar 1852-1859 

The Reverend E. H. Dewar's ministry marked the 
building of the present tower of St. John's in 1852 and the 
beginning of services in "The Village of Windsor". A 
resolution of the Vestry in 1852 was that "he be permitted 
to hold services in Windsor in the afternoon providing he 
held them in St. John's morning and evening". All Saints' 
is the outgrowth of that beginning. There is a tablet in 
St. John's to his wife, Amy Dewar. In 1859 he resigned 
and became rector of Thornhill, which parish he faithfully 
served until his death in the autumn of 1862. He was the 
author of a book published in Oxford entitled, "Theology 
of Modern Germany". As a former Chaplain at Hamburg, 
he would have first hand information to write such a 


Rev. John Hurst 1860-1863 

The Reverend John Hurst originally came to this 
country as a missionary of the Colonial and Continental 
Church Society of England to the fugitive slaves. After 
three years in St. John's he resigned to devote all his time 
to All Saints', Windsor. During his ministry a resolution 
was passed at a vestry meeting asking the Town Council 
of Windsor to make provision for the burial of its own 
dead. This marks the beginning of Windsor Grove Ceme¬ 
tery. His work in All Saints' is a story in itself. 


Rev. Francis Gore Elliott 1863-1879 

The Reverend Francis Gore Elliott was a native of 
Essex County being the eldest son of Matthew Elliott of 
Amherstburg, one of the most prominent men in His 
Majesty's service in the early days. The record of his 
baptism is to be found in St. John's register and is as 

"Francis Gore, son of Matthew and Sarah Elliott: Born 
13th day of January, 1811. Baptized on 20th day of same 
month and year by R. Pollard, Curate." 

In his boyhood he had been a pupil of the Rev. Wm. 
Johnson and afterwards studied for the ministry in Mont¬ 
real. He was ordained by Bishop Strachan and ministered 
for many years at Colchester from which place he came to 
St. John's. During his ministry in 1872 the original brick 
church, built in 1819 and 1820 with its Norman type of 
architecture, was torn down to the foundation, and the 
present nave built and chancel added in the Gothic style 
of architecture. 


Rev. Richard W. Johnstone 1879-1887 

The Reverend Richard W. Johnstone was born in 
Ireland in 1835, graduated from Trinity College, Dublin, 
and was ordained a Deacon in 1859 in London, Ontario, 
and a priest in 1862 by Bishop Benjamin Cronyn. After 
serving in various parishes, he became rector of Sandwich 
in 1879. He was a man of genial disposition and was a 
splendid classical teacher. The late Col. E. S. Wigle re¬ 
ceived from him, his elementary work in classics before 
entering the University of Toronto. Many of the older 
generation of a few years ago remember him as a first- 
class cricketer. He died at Fort Gratiot, Michigan, 24th 
of February, 1906, age 71 years and was buried in the 
family plot in St. John's Cemetery. 


Rev. Duncan Henry Hind 1887-1916 

The Reverend D. H. Hind, the second son of Henry 
Youle and Katherine Hind, was born in Toronto, and 
educated at King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia. He 
spent many years in the North West as an engineer on 
the C.P.R. survey. After returning to Nova Scotia, he was 
married to Agnes Marshall in 1876, and was ordained by 
Bishop Binney in 1879. After serving in Georgetown, 
Prince Edward Island, he came to the Diocese of Huron 
in 1882 being incumbent of the parishes of Burford and 
Chesley before coming to St. John's in 1887. During his 
ministry up to 1900, as did his predecessors from 1842, he 
had charge of St. Stephen's Church, and also held services 
on the Malden Road. The Church House was built in 
1906, and in 1912 he was the local representative for the 
Bishop in selling the rectory property on the Detroit River, 
and building the present rectory in 1914. He died 28th of 
January, 1916, at the age of 62 and was buried in St. John's 
Churchyard. The bronze plaque in the sanctuary was 
put in to his memory in 1916 by the Ladies' Aid Society. 
The choir vestry and sanctuary, built in 1919, are a mem¬ 
orial to his life and work. 


His family living in Sandwich have always been loyal 
and active members of the Church. Some of his grand¬ 
children have been not only baptized and confirmed, but 
also married in St. John's and his great-grandchildren's 
names are to be found on the present Font Roll. 

The Venerable Archdeacon H. P. Westgate 
Rector from May 1, 1916 to the Present 

The present rector of St. John's Church, the Venerable 
Harrison Palmer Westgate, was born near Watford in 
Lambton County on 22nd of March, 1878, being the sixth 
son of the late Jarvis and Mary Jane Westgate, both of 
whom were born in Ireland. He received his elementary 
education in a rural school and Watford High School. 


H. Palmer Westgate graduated from the Ontario 
Agricultural College, Guelph, in 1898; however, after four 
years of farm-life, he entered Huron College, London, and 
graduated in 1905 being the first man to be ordained by 
the late Archbishop David Williams. For five years, 
1905-10, he was in charge of the Parish of Atwood and 
Henfryn in Perth Deanery. From 1910-14, he was Curate 
at Trinity Church, St. Thomas, under the Ven. Archdeacon 
Arundel C. Hill. From 1908-12, in addition to doing parish 
work he attended lectures in Western University, and re¬ 
ceived his B.A. degree in 1912. From October, 1914, until 
the end of April, 1916, he was rector of the Parish of Shel¬ 
burne and Primrose in Dufferin County and came to St. 
John's Church on the first of May, 1916. 

He was married in 1912 to Minnie Ethel Kilty, daughter 
of the late Rev. G. M, and Mrs. Kilty of Clinton. 

Archdeacon Westgate was made a Canon of St. Paul's 
Cathedral, London, in May, 1941, and Archdeacon of 
Elgin, which included the Deaneries of Essex, Kent and 
Elgin, in 1946. The University of Western Ontario in May, 
1949 conferred the degree of Doctor of Divinity (Honoris 
Causa) on him. In 1952, he was named Archdeacon of 
Windsor with jurisdiction over the Deaneries of Essex and 
Kent known as the Archdeaconry of Essex. 

During his ministry in 1919 the Sanctuary and Choir 
Vestry were added to the Church and the building com¬ 
pletely renovated. An addition to the Church House, 25' 
x 40', was made in 1938 thus providing excellent accommo¬ 
dation for the teaching and social activities of the Church. 
In 1919 a Perpetual Care Fund was set up for the Cemetery 
and a few years later the Memorial Endowment Fund 
was instituted. In 1949 and 1950 he supervised the build¬ 
ing of St. Andrew's Memorial Church, LaSalle, and com¬ 
pleted the organization of the parish. 

Since 1941 he has been annually elected a member 
of the Executive Committee of the Diocese and for many 
years was Essex Deanery representative on the Diocesan 


Board of Religious Education. He is also a member of the 
Huron College Council being one of the four clergy repre¬ 
senting the original council and is Honorary President of 
the Essex Deanery Branch of the Brotherhood of Anglican 


1. Dr. Westgate has always taken an active part in community projects. From 
their inception he has been a member oi the Executives oi the Windsor Council of 
Churches, Windsor Branch of the United Notion's Organisation, the Optimist Club, 
He was the first master of Border Cities Lodge No. 554, A.F. and A.M, in 1919 and 
its chaplain since 1921. In 1951 he received a fifty year jewel from Egrement Lodge 
207, I.O.O.F., Kerwood and in 1952 Padre Westgate was honoured with the "Award 
of Merit" from Ambassador Branch No. 143 of Canadian Legion. 

2. Watford was described by the late Canon H. J. Cody as "that fruitful, 
ecclesiastical mother of famous servants of the church." It is of interest to know that 
in addition to the Rev. T. B. R. Westgate, D.D., to whom Canon Cody had specific 
reference at the time, there are Rev. Canon Roger S. W. Howard, of Montreal; the 
Rev. Prof. O. W. Howard, of Montreal; Rev. D. B. Rogers, D.C.L., Educational Secretary of 
the G.B.R.E.; the Rev. John Gibson, the Rev. Alvin J. Shirley, missionaries in thB West; 
the Rev. Robert Herbert, as well as many of more recent years who were bom in or 
near Watford and received their early education in Watford Public and High Schools. 


The Church 

BUILDING of the first church on the present site is 

1 clouded with mystery. The late Alexander McKee con¬ 
tended that there was a church building in 1803. The 
writer has before him an account for pew rents in 1804 
and 1805 of lames Allan £1, 10s; George Meldrum £1, 6s; 
and William Park £1, 6s. In the Parish records an account 
is given of a wedding in 1806: "A.D. 1806, September 21, 
Willim Jackson, Corporal in the First Regiment, and Mary 
Bateman, widow, both of this parish, the banns being 
duly published, were married in the Parish Church, Sand¬ 
wich, by me, Richard Pollard, Curate/' In the Vestry 
minutes of a meeting held on March 23, 1807, a number of 
references are made in regard to the pew rents of the 


In September, 1813, the Church was destroyed by 
fire. Fred Neal in his "History of Sandwich, Past and 
Present,*' states that it was set on fire by the Americans 
when they were driven out of the town during the war of 
1812-14, the Church having been used by the American 
Army under General Harrison to stable the Kentucky 

From 1813 until 1819, Church services were held in a 
building on the opposite corner to the one on which the 
church was situated, and which was referred to as a 
College. Undoubtedly this refers to the Grammar School 
built in 1807. In his correspondence, Mr. Pollard refers 
to "the Center room in the College as being fitted up for 
Divine service and a School House. A teacher capable 
of instructing in Latin and Greek is lately arrived. He 
has 42 scholars." 

St. John's Church, 1840. 

In 1819, the efforts to erect a new building were well 
under-way. Brick was brought from Buffalo on scows for 
the construction of this building. It was constructed con- 


temporaneously with Christ Church, Amherstburg, and St. 
Paul's Church, Chatham. The church in Amherstburg was 
completed and opened first on the 12th of December, 1819. 
Then, the church in Sandwich was opened on the 11th 
of June, 1820, but without a belfry and pulpit. This church 
was 36' x 36'. 

In the minutes of the S.P.G., it is related that the people 
subscribed $1100.00; that it cost $2000.00, and had a debt 
of $400.00 standing against it. The Rector, Richard Pollard, 
in addition to contributing $157.00 towards the building 
fund, paid $40.00 for a stove "without which the church 
would have been useless during the winter". In the 
financial statements of 1833, we have reference made to 
the strengthening of the belfry in order to hold the bell. 
During the ministry of the Rev. T. E. Welby in 1843 an 
addition of 12' was made to the building which is apparent 
from the drawings of Prof. Young thus making the dimen¬ 
sions 48' x 36'. In the Church Warden's statement for the 
year 1843 and 1844 the following items appear: 

"1844—January 1—Amount of con¬ 
tracts for the addition to Church £94, 10s, 9d 

Amount paid by the Rev. T. E. Welby £72, 13s, 9d 

• 21.17" 

Balance paid by Church Wardens agreeable to resolu¬ 
tion of Vestry. Paid Henry Teakle for altering Pews and 
Communion Rail, etc. 2-12-6. The tower was built in 1852 
during the ministry of the Rev. E. H. Dewar. 

In 1871, it was decided by the congregation to enlarge 
the Church; and consequently, a contract was let to 
Thomas and George Gray to tear down the old building 
to the foundation and rebuild with a Gothic type of 
architecture and add a Chancel. Of the original structure, 
the foundation of stone, and the tower remain to this day. 
A visitor will notice that the windows and entrance door 
in the tower are of the old Norman type, whereas those 
in the Church and Chancel are Gothic. The corner-stone 


was laid by the Most Worshipful Justice William Mercer 
Wilson of the Masonic Order assisted by the officers and 
members of Great Western Lodge, No. 47. That Church 
was officially opened on 22nd of June, 1873, The first 
Baptism was George William Gray, a present member 
of the congregation and son of one of the contractors. 

St. John's Church, 1873. 


Few changes were made in the construction of the 
building apart from improvements in the heating and 
lighting systems until 1919. At that time, a Choir Vestry 
and Sanctuary were added as a memorial to the late 
Rev. D. H. Hind who was Rector of St. John's from 1887 
until January 1916. 

The East window, so rich in its colouring and so full 
of symbolism, was contributed by the Teachers and Sun¬ 
day School Children of 1872-3. 

St. John's Church, 1919, Brock and Sandwich Streets. 

There is one memorial window on the south side of 
the Church to the memory of John Baptiste Gauthier who 
was born in 1822 and died in 1900. 

The pipe-organ in the Church was installed at the 
time of the Centenary in 1902 by the congregation as a 
memorial to the life and work of Richard Pollard. 

We are frequently asked how old the Church is. This 
is best answered by the above record. However, the 
parish records date back to 1802. Therefore, St. John's is 
the oldest Parish, but Christ Chuch, Amherstburg, still uses 
its building opened in 1819. 



Interior of St. John's Church, 1951. 

The Church House 

For many years there was no place suitable for acti¬ 
vities in connection with the Church. In 1906, a building, 
50' x 30' was erected on the northwest corner of what is 
known now as Brock Street, formerly Huron St. and Sand¬ 
wich St. In 1938, an addition 25' x 40', was built making 
ample room for a kitchen, committee room, stage, two 
washrooms, a hallway, a basement, and provision for 
an apartment to be completed in due time in the upstairs. 
It is interesting to know that this addition in 1938 only 
cost the Church $6,800.00. This building is erected on the 
acre of ground owned by the Church on the northwest 
corner of Brock and Sandwich Street which was given to 
it by the British Government to compensate for the loss 
of the Church in 1813. 

St. John's Church House. 


St. JoluCWh, 1952 

The Rectory 

Until 1841, there was no residence belonging to the 
Church for the clergyman. In that year, the Rev. Thomas 
Earl Welby was appointed incumbent. He was a wealthy 
English Army officer, and he bought on the river front a 
house and twelve acres of land where the streets of 
Partington and Rankin now are. When he left in 1843, he 
bequeathed the rectory and property to the then Bishop 
of Toronto for the benefit of the Rector of St. John's Church, 

St John's Rectory, 1842, on Detroit River Front presented 
to the Church by the Reverend Thomas Earl Welby. 


Sandwich, and him only. When the Diocese of Huron 
was established, this trust was transferred by the Bishop 
of Toronto to the Bishop of Huron. 

When the first street railway was constructed, it had 
to pass through this property, but instead of taking a cash 
remuneration for the purchase, a stipulation was laid 
down and agreement entered into, that the Rector of St. 
John's should at all times and for all time travel free on 
the railway. 

About 1912, this property was sold for about $14,500.00. 
$6,600 of that amount was used to build the present rectory 
on church property on Sandwich Street West. The re¬ 
mainder of $7,789.00 is the capital endowment. 

Present Rectory, built in 1914, 3288 Sandwich Street West. 



Memorial Tablets 

AS ONE enters the tower by the west door, one is struck 
with the large number of names on the Honour Roll 
of World War Two. On this Honour Roll, the names of 
58 young men who joined the Army, 41 with the Navy, 
45 with the AirForce; and of the Ladies Auxiliary to the 
Army there are 5 names listed with the C.W.A.C., 5 with 
the Navy, 4 with the Air Force and 2 with the American 
Medical Corp, making a total of 160. The majority of 
these young men and young women were regular com¬ 
municants in the Church. Of this list 10 made the supreme 
sacrifice; namely, Pte. Clayton Kenneth Collison, P.O. 
Harold Leslie Cook, Sgt. George Layton Fiddler, Pte. Frank 
George Knowles, A.S. Arthur Douglas Lane, Capt. Lloyd 
Russell Smith, Sqdn. Ldr. Charles Woodward Smith, L.S. 
James Ernest Silk, FI. Sgt. Sidney Archie Turner, and F.O. 
Gordon George Welch. 

On entering the Church by the west door, we begin 
our perambulation on the right and take a short look at 
the tablets beginning at the west end of the south wall. 
The first of which is one containing a list of the names 
of the Rectors of St. John's and the years of their ministry. 


Rev. Richard Pollard 

1802 - 


Rev. Robert Short 

1825 - 


Rev. Edward J. Boswell 

1827 - 


Rev. William Johnson 

1829 - 


Rev. Thomas Earl Welby 

1841 - 


Rev. William Ritchie 

1943 - 


Rev. Edward H. Dewar 

1852 - 


Rev. John Hurst 

1860 - 


Rev. Francis Gore Elliott 

1863 - 


Rev. Richard W. Johnstone 

1879 - 


Rev. Duncan Henry Hind 

The Ven. Archdeacon H. P. Westgate, D.D. 

1887 - 
1916 - 



Memorial Tablets—(cont’d) 

Presented to St. John's Church, Sandwich, by 
Bernard G. Sparks, on the 21st of January, 1951, 

To the Glory of God 

In Loving Memory of his Parents 

Louise Sparks, who died 9th of April, 1928, aged 62 years 
George Sparks, who died 18th of Jan. 1934, aged 78 years. 


In Memory 
of the Late 

Honorable Alexander Grant, 

Born in 1734, Died May 13, 1813. 

Commodore Grant was the 4th son of the 
7th Laird of Glenmoriston, Invernesshire, 


He was a member of the first Government 
of Upper Canada, an Executive and Legislative 
Councillor; County Lieutenant in Essex 
and Suffolk, and Administrator of the Province in 


He was 53 years in command of the Lakes and 
57 in his Sovereign's Service 

This tablet is erected by his grandson R. S. Woods 

Also to James Woods, Sr. Barrister, 

Born in St. John's Quebec, 1778, Died June, 1828 

James Woods, Jr. Barrister, 
Born in Sandwich 1806, Died 1832 



Born 1810 Died 1826 

Born 1814 Died 1836 

All interred in the Graveyard of This Church 


The life of Commodore Alexander Grant, whose 
mortal remains were buried in St. John's Churchyard, is 
a very fascinating story to read. He was born in Scotland 
20th of May, 1734, his earlier life and training being with 
the Navy and later with the Army. He had an active part 
with the Navy in command of a sloop of sixteen guns on 
Lake Champlain in 1759. From that time on he was in 
command of a ship or ships on the Great Lakes. In 1777, 
he was in command of all the King's vessels upon Lakes 
Ontario, Erie, Huron and Michigan. He married Therese 
Barthe in 1774. He was 40 years of age, Scotch, and Non- 
Roman Catholic; she was 16, French and Roman Catholic. 
There is a tradition that she could not speak English nor 
he French; nevertheless, their marriage was a very happy 
union. Of the eleven daughters born to them, one died 
in infancy, another one at the age of ten and the other 
nine grew to maturity and in due course acquired hus¬ 
bands and families of their own. The only son born never 
married. The writer of the story of St. John's at its Cen¬ 
tenary in 1902, Judge Woods, was a grandson. Alex¬ 
ander Grant held many important offices in the adminis¬ 
tration of Upper Canada. For a period as the Senior 
member of the Executive Council, he became the admin¬ 
istrator of the Province on the death of Lieutenant-Gov¬ 
ernor Hunter. He died on the 8th of May, 1813, and was 
buried the 10th of May, 1813. The cost of his funeral 
appears in the account of business with the estate with 
James Woods, one of the executors. 




Paid for Coffin. 




Paid for digging and covering the grave 



Paid three men for going to Grosse Point in a 
canoe for the corpse, etc., 5/ - each 



Carriages for self and men. 



2 Vi yds. superfine black cloth to cover the 
coffin 60/ - . 




5 Vi yds. Irish linen 7/6 




3 yds. fine white cotton 6/3 



11 yds. white cotton 3/9 . 





To The Memory 

Anne Eliza Young 

Late of Malin Hall, Donegal, Ireland 
Sister of Lieut. Col. Brooke Young, 
Commanding 2d Battalion Inc. Militia 
Who Died at Sandwich 
October 23rd 
A.D. 1841 

Her life was eminently distinguished 
For Christian Piety, active Benevolence, 
And an amiable and gentle Demeanour, 
Which endeared her to many Friends, 
By whom this Tablet is erected, as a 
Memorial to Departed Worth, 

In Memory of 
George Jessop 
Reeve of Sandwich 
Born at Aylesbury 
Co. of Buckingham 
March 25, 1821 
Died August 25, 1898 

He was a member of this 
Church for 63 Years 

The Memory of the lust is Blessed 
Prov. X-7 


The Memory of 

The Rev. William Johnson, M.A. 
Rector of Sandwich 
Who Died 

On the 5th Day of September, 1840 
Aged 46 Years 

This Tablet is a Record of the 
Affectionate Esteem of Many of His 
Friends and Parishioners 

The Memory of the Just is" Blessed 
Prov. Chapt 10, Vs. 7. 


To The Memory of 

Colonel the Honorable 

John Prince, M. L. C. 
and Mrs. Prince 

William Stratton Prince 
Capt. 71 Highland Lt. Infantry 

Albert Prince, M. P. P. 

Charles Prince 

Arabella D. Prince 

Henry Prince 

Septimus Prince 

Octavius Prince 

The Park Farm 

Erected by 
Charlotte, Widow of 
Capt. Wm. S. Prince, 1913 

Judge R* S. Woods in his book, "Harrison Hall", refers 
to Colonel John Prince in the following words: "His advent 
in the Western District marked an Epoch in its history. 
He came to Sandwich in August, 1833, with his wife, family 
and servants and was the first man of fortune to be 
settled in the district. In the General Election of 1836, he 
was returned for Essex to the Legislature upon which his 
impression was most favorable." During the Rebellion 
of 1837 and 1838, he was in command of the militia in 
Upper Canada. His reply to the British Government, who 
asked for an explanation, why four soldiers who had taken 
a part in the murder of his medical officer, John James 
Hume, were shot without a trial, was one of the most 
famous replies of any Army Commander to his govern¬ 
ment: "I ordered them to be shot at daybreak and they 
were shot accordingly." In 1856, he was elected a mem¬ 
ber of the Legislative Council and retained that position 
until his appointment to the Judgeship of the district of 
Algoma in 1860, where he continuously lived until his 
death in 1870 and was buried on a small island just off 


the shore of Sault Ste. Marie. This island is now part of 
a park in the city. However, the other members of the 
family are all buried in St. John's Churchyard. 

To The Glory of God 
And in Memory of 
Rev. Duncan Henry Hind, B.A. 

Rector of St. John's Church, Sandwich 

Who departed this life 
the 28th Day of January, 1916 
at the age of 82 years 

This tablet is a record of his 
faithful ministry and of the 
Affectionate esteem of many of his 
friends and parishioners 

At Rest 

The above bronze tablet is in the sanctuary 

The Reverend 
Richard Pollard 
Rector of Sandwich 
Departed this life 

on the 6th Day of November, A.D. 1824 
AEt. 76 

Letter from P. Fagan to Wm. Hands 

Niagara, August 25th, 1825. 

Mr. Wm. Hands 

By your direction with Plan & Specification I have 
finished the Tomb Stone which you ordered and put it 
in a case safely & according to your request I send a bill 

of the same. 

14 Dollars for stone ..... 3 10 0 

89 Letters at 1£ per 100 . 17 9 

Case . 5 0 

Teaming to Queenston .. 6 3 

Currency .... £4 19 0 


This account is believed to refer to the Richard Pollard 
tablet. Other correspondence verifies this statement. 

It is the writer's belief that this stone was originally 
over the grave under the East Window of the Church. 
When the changes took place in 1872 it was placed in 
the Chancel Arch. In 1919 it was moved to the Sanctuary 
Arch. According to official correspondence with the 
S.P.G. his correct age was 72 at time of death. 

Sunday School War Memorial 

Pte. G. R. Lemmon 
Piper J. Laidlaw 
Sergt. Ed. Sullivan 
Corp. E. B. Sparks 

World War 1 

Amy Dewar 
OBIIT June 20, 1858 
Aet 48 

My Flesh Also Shall Rest 
In Hope 

In Loving 
Remembrance of 
Louisa T. Mercer 
Who Died in Chinch 
During the Service 
On the Morning of 
The 20th of December, 1891 

This Tablet erected 
By Her Sister 
Christina J. Baby 

Blessed are the dead 
Who die in the Lord. 


In The 

Burial Ground of this Church 
Are Deposited 
The Remains of 
Hester Loftie Sparke 
Beloved Wife of 

Bt. Major John Fred K. Sparke 2d Battn Id Ma 
and Eldest daughter of 
The Late Rev. William Johnson, M.A. 
Rector of this Parish 

She Died the 28th Day of May, 1841 
Aged 21 Years 

Also of 

Mary Isabella Anne Sparke 
Infant Daughter of the Above 
Who Died on the 14th Day of October, 1840 
Aged 4 Months 

This marble is erected to the memory 
of one who as a wife was gentle, tender 
affectionate; and as a Christian, 
faithful, lowly, and resigned; by the 
parents of her bereaved husband 
John and Mary Sparke 

Woolwich, England 

To the Glory of God 
And in Loving Memory of 
Thomas McKee 
Who Died 
July 31, 1902 
Aged 76 Years 

And His Wife 
Isabella Johnson McKee 
Daughter of Rev. Johnson 
Who Died 
October 30, 1856 
Aged 34 Years 

This tablet is erected by their 
loving son 

William Johnson McKee 




A COMMUNION Service with large Paten, Chalice, and 
Flagon presented by the Rev. Frances Gore Elliott, in 

Paten and Chalice presented by Mr. and Mrs. T. L. 
Wesling in memory of Mrs. Wesling's brother, Herbert D. 
Murchison, who was killed in Italy in World War II, May 
31. 1944. 

A Brass Book Rest on the Communion Table presented 
by Mrs. Isabella Robinson Wells, also two large brass 
vases, Dec. 8, 1900. 

Communion Service Book in memory of Mr. and Mrs. 
James Hendrick presented by their daughters, Mrs. Anna 
Marguerite Wanless, Mrs. Gertrude May Wilson and Mrs. 
Isabelle Mildred Bonk, Christmas, 1949. 

An Altar Cross in memory of Robert Morton Campbell, 
who died in 1938, presented by his parents Mr. and Mrs. 
Kenneth C. Campbell. 

An Alms Basin in memory of Mrs. Gertrude E. Reid 
presented by her parents, Mr. and Mrs. G. Sparks, her 
sisters, and brother in 1919. 

A Brass Offertory Plate presented by Mrs. George 
Sparks, Easter, 1928. 

A Brass Offertory Plate presented by Mrs. George 
Elliott, Easter, 1928. 

Two Brass Vases presented by Mrs. George Straw, 

A Credence Table in memory of Corp. Earl Bungey 
Sparkes, who lost his life in Belgium, January 24, 1919, 
presented by wife, parents, and sisters. 

A Quarter-cut Oak Reredos presented to St. John's 
Church by Col. Alan C. Prince in 1943 in memory of his 
mother, Mary Ann Prince, and his aunt, Constance Prince. 

A Quarter-cut Oak Lectern in memory of Reginald 
Palmer and Harrison Kilty Westgate presented by their 
parents. Rev. and Mrs. H. P. Westgate, in 1919. 


Two Solid Oak Hymn Boards presented by Mrs. Mary 
Parent in memory of her mother, Martha O'Brien, who 
died in 1918, and her father, Michael O'Brien, who died 
in 1932. 

Choir Stalls, Screen, and Prayer Desks in memory of 
Robert and Nettie Teakle presented by their daughter, 
Mrs. Marjorie Gumpper in 1947. 

A Quarter-cut Oak Pulpit in memory of Mrs. Marjorie 
Gumpper presented by her husband, Harold D. Gumpper, 
in 1947. 

A Processional Cross presented by Ven. and Mrs. H. 
P. Westgate and Margaret in memory of Alan Palmer 
Westgate, who died April 12, 1941. 

White hangings presented by Mr. and Mrs. John 
Barber, now of Toronto, in memory of Mrs. Mary Ann 
Moss, who died Sept. 11, 1927. 

Purple Hangings in memory of his parents, William 
R. and Elizabeth Rowland and his sister, Margaret, pre¬ 
sented by William R. Rowland, Advent, 1930. 

Green Antependium in memory of Mrs. Charles Gunn 
presented by Mr. Charles Gunn. 

Green Bookmarkers in memory of Mr. and Mrs. John 
Wilson presented by their daughters, Mrs. Elsie 1'Anson 
and Mrs. Jane Bradie. 

An antique Font, duplicated (so far as is known) only 
in Christ Church, Amherstburg, presented to St. John's 
Church by Major Sparkes, July 1842. 


A Cross for the Communion Table presented by Mr. George A. 
Wintemute in 1911 in memory of his daughter, Bertha, was stolen 
from St. John's Church in April, 1948, and never recovered. There 
were also stolen at the same time a silver-plated chalice and paten, 
Communion linen, and two Wilton rugs, and a brass Alms Basin. 
The latter was all that was recovered and it was found in the Detroit 




JT IS an interesting fact that the Records of Baptisms, 
Marriages and Burials have been preserved intact since 

1802. The oldest Register has the heading: 





the Church of England, at Sandwich, 
in the Western District, of the 
Province of 
Upper Canada 

The first record is that of a Baptism on 24th of May, 

1802, which reads as follows: 

"Mary, daughter of Laurent Griffar (yeoman) and 
Essinith Giles, was born the twenty-second of May 
in the year one thousand eight hundred and one, 
and Baptized the Twenty-fourth day of May, one 
thousand eight hundred and two. 

By me Richard Pollard 

Apparently the child was seriously ill for the second 
record is an account of her burial. 

There are no entries from 17th of Feb. to 22nd of 
Aug., 1803 but a later record reads: Vol. 1 page 14: 
"William McQueen, son of Alexander and Grace Mc¬ 
Queen, born the third day of March, one thousand Eight 
hundred and three and baptized on the 20th of June, the 
same year, by me, R. Pollard, Curate of Sandwich. Spon¬ 
sors: Thos. Fraser, Wm. Fraser, Mary Fraser." N.B. "This 
child was christened on my voyage to Lower Canada, 

1803, " 

There are no entries from 30th of April to 27th of Aug., 

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First page of first parish register. 


Duff, son of Alexander and Phillis Duff, born on the thir¬ 
teenth of April, A.D., one thousand Eight hundred and 
four and Baptized on the first day of May the same year, 
by me, Richard Pollard. Sponsors: William Mills, William 
Gilkinson, Mad'n Richardson." Note: "This child was 
baptized on my route to Quebec and no opportunity has 
offered since except the present to enter it on the register. 
R. Pollard, Curate." 

These entries give proof of his three trips to Quebec. 

An interesting record is that of the burial of Com¬ 
modore Grant, which reads as follows: "Alexander Grant, 
late Senior officer of His Majesty's Marine Department, 
departed this life on the Eighth day of May, A.D. one 
thousand Eight hundred and thirteen and was buried at 
Sandwich on the 10th inst. Richard Pollard, Rector." 

The registers show a long list of names of men con¬ 
nected with various regiments at different periods as 
37th, 40th, 47th Field Artillery, Commissary Department, 
etc. In the year 1816, there are recorded the marriages 
of ten soldiers. There are many entries such as: "June 
18, 1816: William Bailey, Soldier in the 37th Reg't and 
Eleanor Adams, both of Amherstburg in this parish were 
married by Banns, by me, Richard Pollard, Rector." "John 
McCormick and Ann Wright of Colchester in this parish 
were married by License on fifteenth day of February, 
A.D. one thousand Eight hundred and twenty. On the 
same day were married William Pardve and Elizabeth 
Lidwell, Matthew McCormick and Deborah Wright of 
Colchester by License." "December 28, 1822: In the prison 
at Sandwich, John Baptiste, a "Chippa" Indian, and 
Roderick, a black man, aged twenty-eight after a careful 
examination and instruction for several months were 
baptized in the presence of George Ironside, Esquire, 
George Rapp, Interpreter, and Abraham Undsworth, 
Jailor, by me, R. Pollard, Rector. John Baptiste, son of 
the above Indian, aged three years was baptized in pre¬ 
sence of above persons." 


April, 1823: "The Reverend Romaine Rolph, Rector of 
Amherstburg and Margaret Stanton, Spinster, were mar¬ 
ried by License on the twenty-second day of April, A.D. 
one thousand Eight hundred and twenty-three, by me, 
Rich'd Pollard." On 21st of Sept., 1854, we read of "James 
Price, of the village of Windsor, Bachelor, and Mahela 
Walker, of the same place. Widow, were married by 
Banns by me, Edward H. Dewar, Rector." 

"Jemima A. Williams, aged 29 years, missionary to 
fugitive slaves, residence Dresden, buried January 4,1860. 
Cause of death was disease of the heart. Officiating Min¬ 
isters, J. Hurst and T. Hughes." 

It is of interest to note that from time to time epidemics 
prevailed in the community as the cause of death was 
entered in the record of burials such as scarlet fever, 
whooping cough, diphtheria and cholera. There were 
also a number of burials during the periods of war 1812 
and 1813, Patriot's Rebellion of 1837 and later days. 

Vol. 1 page 26—"Burial of Richard Donovan of Detroit, 
County of Wayne, merchant, departed this life, thirteenth 
day of November 1805, and buried 2nd of Dec. 1805, aged 
28. By me, R. Pollard, Curate." Vol. 1, page 79—"Dec. 5, 
1810 Baptized Mary Ann and Maddison, children of James 
and Sarah Abbott of Detroit." 

Vol. 1 page 30—"Daniel Bancroft, Sgt. in the 47th 
Reg't. and Mary Holloway, both of Amherstburg in this 
Parish of La Assumption, were married by Banns, on the 
second day of November A.D., one thousand Eight hun¬ 
dred and six, by me, Richard Pollard, Curate." 

Vol. 1 page 47—"Feb. 13, 1808 John Peck of the Town¬ 
ship of Dover and Mary Drake of the same place were 
married by License on the thirteenth day of February 
A.D., one thousand Eight hundred and eight. By me, 
Richard Pollard, Curate." 


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Plan of seating, 1845, listing numbers of pews, rentals for each 
and names of pew-holders. 


Vol. Ill page 94—"Dec. 5, 1838 Dr. Hume, Assistant 
Staff Surgeon was murdered on the fourth of December, 
1838, by the Brigands at Windsor and interred the next 
day at Sandwich, 5th of December. By me, W. Johnson, 

Vol. Ill page 95—"Dec. 5, 1838 Mills, a coloured man 
was murdered by the Brigands at Windsor on the 4th of 
December 1838 and buried the next day by me, W, John¬ 
son, Rector." 

Financial Statements 

Until 1820, there is no regular record available of 
finances although various statements have been found 
among the books of the wardens of those days. However, 
from 1821 we have fairly complete accounts of the fin¬ 
ancial situation with a list of the pew-holders and their 
accounts with the wardens. The transfer from English 
currency of pounds, shillings and pence to the decimal 
system of dollars and cents was made in 1857. In the 
early records, it is manifest that the Church wardens were 
exceedingly particular in keeping their books and ren¬ 
dering an account to the annual meeting of every cent 
which was received. It is also apparent that financial 
trouble due to shortage of funds is nothing new In the 
Church's management. In the Church Warden's records 
and plans there are 34 pews for rent in 1841 and 44 for 
rent in 1845, thus verifying the statement that an addition 
was made to the Church in 1843. 

Vestry Minutes 

The Vestry Minutes have been carefully recorded in 
one book since 1834. The only minutes prior to that date 
are of a meeting held on the twenty-third of March, 1807, 
at the Parish Church of Sandwich. The following are 
listed as present: Reverend R. Pollard, Curate, Robert 
Gowie and Jonathan Nelson, Church Wardens, Angus 


McIntosh, William Hands, John McGregor, James Woods, 
William Elliott, Robert Innis, H. S. McKay, James Allan, 
Moses David. 

From those minutes, we read of a variety of resolutions: 
"Question, is the resolve of the 21st Aug. 1806 still in force, 
(Seeing that the purchasors of the ground lot No. 3 have 
paid the rent up to the 21st Aug. next) and that the lot 
be sold, according to the same resolve or not. 

Resolved that the purchasors do keep possession of the 
ground until the 21st Aug. next when the same shall 
be sold. 

Lot No. 3 put up for sale agreeable to the resolve of the 
21st of Aug. 1806 by consent of the purchasors, J. Woods 
and McIntosh. 1 year's rent to be paid Instantor and the 
same to be built on in one month or otherwise to be for¬ 
feited to the Church's benefit and to be resold by the 
Church Wardens, it is understood that the annual rent 
commences on the 21st of Aug. Adjudged to: Wm. 
Elliott and Robt. Gowie. NYC £3, 10s, 6d. 

Lot No. 11 put up for sale on the same condition as lot 
No. 3 reserving the right (to Field) to remove the pew to 
lot No. 13 or to the purchasor to build a similar pew on 
lot No. 13 if the said Field should require it in one month 
from this date. To Angus McIntosh . NYC 56/ 

Resolved that the Churchwardens do wait on Mr. Selby 
for information on the subject of a legacy said to be left 
by P. Shank to the Churchwardens for certain charitable 
purposes in the said Shank will contained. 

Resolved that Nancy Hall be allowed two dollars per 
month for one year from this day to sweep and clean 
out the Church once a week, to wash and scrub the same 
four times a year, to wit before Christmas, Easter, Whit- 
Sunday, Michaelmas and to light fires on Sundays and 
holidays, when thereunto required. 

Robert Gowie 

Jonathan Nelson—Church Wardens." 


The Title Page of the present minute book reads: 


JOHN PRINCE Churchwardens 


of the Proceedings of Public Vestries 
holded in The Episcopal Church 
of Sandwich in Upper Canada 

Excerpts from the Minute Book of 1834: 

16th Sept. 1852: "That a committee be appointed to 
carry into effect the objects of a subscription recently 
entered into by the members in St. John's Church, Sand¬ 
wich, viz: To build a tower and steeple at the West end 
of the Church, to procure a new Bell and to superintend 
any repairs they may deem expedient." 

Oct. 23, 1852—Resolved as follows: "That the services 
be held in St. John's Church in the morning and evening 
and at Windsor in the afternoon of every Sunday." 

"That the Churchwardens be requested to go to 
Detroit and make arrangements for recasting the Bell of 
the Church or for purchasing a new one." 

8th Nov. 1859: Moved and seconded: "That in the 
opinion of this meeting the Rev. Mr. Hurst would be a 
desirable and fit person to be appointed Rector of this 
Parish if he could be appointed with the consent of the 
Missionary Society by whom he is at present employed 
and retain a sufficient portion of the salary he now 
receives not less than one hundred pounds and that he 
be requested to make application with this view and 
under this condition to the Bishop and the Society for 
the appointment." 

Moved in amendment: "that the Rev. F. Gore Elliott 
be requested to apply to the Bishop for the appointment." 

Moved in amendment to the amendment "that the 
Bishop's offer to the Rev. Mr. Johnson to take the parish 
be accepted." 


The two amendments were 'negatived' and the ori¬ 
ginal motion carried. 

Monday, 8th April, 1861—Moved by Mr. Woodbridge 
and seconded by Mr. Gauthier: "That the Churchwardens 
address a letter to the Mayor of the Windsor Town Council 
calling upon them to provide a burial ground for the 
people who die within their corporation." 


St. John’s Churchyard 

PERSONS arriving from the Old Country and coming into 
* the old town of Sandwich are made to feel that they 
are not altogether in a strange land when they see the 
churchyard surrounding the Church being used as a 
burial place. 

In the original ground surrounding St. John's Church, 
there were two acres of land extending from Bedford 
Street (now Sandwich Street) on the west side of Peter 
Street along what was then known as Huron Street (now 
Brock Street). The eastern acre was originally used as a 
Potter's Field, but in the middle of the 19th century it was 
filled in and resurveyed. The title deeds of these two 
acres were given to the Right Rev. C. J. Stewart, the Bishop 
of Quebec, in 1834. 

The oldest date on any tombstone in the churchyard 
is 1793 and has reference to the death of Margaret Hem- 
brow, native of Amsterdam, New York. This leads one 
to believe that this spot was used as a burying place for 
English-speaking people some time before the Church was 
built or the government offices moved from Detroit to 

In 1896, the Church purchased from Sam Stover, one 
acre adjoining the original property on Peter Street. Forty 
feet off the west side was sold to a man named John 


Hughes. Because of some opposition to the enlargement 
of the cemetery, no burials took place until 1919 when the 
present rector had been assured by the Attorney-General 
of Ontario, that there was no legal barrier to the use of 
the property for the purpose for which it had been pur¬ 

In 1919, a Perpetual Care Fund was established and 
the money invested with the Synod of Huron, which capital 
has now reached a total of $25,614.60, (Oct. 21, 1952). 

In 1938, W. J. Pulling left to St. John's Church $2,000.00 
to be used for beautifying the cemetery. From this fund, 
an iron fence was placed along Sandwich Street, and 
some capital used for putting in concrete walks, and also 
for the planting of trees and shrubs. The balance is still 
in trust. 

Below are a few of the interesting inscriptions on 
tombstones in this old section: 


To the Memory of 
John James Hume Esqre, M.D. 

Staff Assistant Surgeon 
who was inhumanly murdered and his body 
afterwards brutally mangled by a gang 
of armed ruffians from the United States 
styling themselves 

who committed this cowardly and shameful outrage 
on the morning of the 4th December, 1838 having 
intercepted the deceased while proceeding to render 
professional assistance to their Majesty's gallant 
Militia engaged at Windsor U. C. in repelling 
the incursions of this rebel crew more properly styled 


Sacred to the Memory 
of Thomas Humber 
native of Langhborough 
Leicester Shire, England 
aged 50 years 
He fell on 4th of Dec., 1838 
defending his Queen and country 
and died at Windsor U. C. 

He was an affectionate and 
in. at 

This stone is erected by 
his affectionate wife 
Elizabeth Humber. 


To The Glory of God And 
Sacred to the Memory of 
Reverend Richard Pollard 
Born 1752 — Died 1824 
Sheriff of the Western District 
of Upper Canada 
1792 - 1802 
Registrar of Deeds 

Registrar and Judge of the Surrogate 

Ordained Deacon 20th March, 1B02 
Ordained Priest 2nd June, 1804 
By The Right Reverend Jacob Mountain 
First Bishop of Quebec 
Incumbent of Sandwich 1802-1824 
Chaplain to the forces at Fort Malden 
Ministered to congregations and built 
churches at Amherstburg, Colchester 
and Chatham which marked the begin¬ 
ning of services in the Diocese of Huron. 
Held services and ministered to con¬ 
gregations in Detroit thus laying the 
foundation upon which was built the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in Detroit 
and the Diocese of Michigan. 

This Tablet Was Erected 

Churchmen of the Diocese of 
Huron and the Diocese of Michigan 
in June, 1943 

In Memory Of 
Alexander Chewett, Esq. 

Born AD 1800 
Died Aug. 22, D.D. 1872 
A learned and upright 
judge known to the few 
because of his retired life, 
known to the many because 
of his sympathetic and 
genial nature which made 
him ever ready to listen 
to counsel and to befriend. 
He was a philosopher 
and a philanthropist. 


In Memory Of 
Mary Katherine 
Daughter of 

The Rev. Thomas E. Welby 
and of 

Mary Anne, his wife 
Obxit May 15 
A.D. 1842 

Aged 2 years and a month 

Jemima A. Williams 
Native of London, 

Missionary to the 
Fugitive Slaves 
Who Died 
At Dresden 
Jan. 1860 
Aged 29 

Unveiling and dedication of the Reverend Richard Pollard Mem¬ 
orial Tablets, June 3, 1943, by the Bishops of Huron and Michigan. 
In the picture, left to right are: Reverend Canon H, P. Westgate, 
Reverend J. A. Davies (Bishop's Chaplain), Right Reverend Charles 
A Seager {Bishop of Huron), Right Reverend Frank W. Creighton 
(Bishop of Michigan), Archdeacon Leonard P. Hagger (Michigan). 
This tablet was designed by Sheppard and Masson, architects of 
Windsor. The inscription was by Canon Westgate. 


In Memory Of 
Beloved Wife Of 
John Richards 

Feb. 7, 1870 
Aged 72 Years 

Here she sleeps my Lizzie, 
Lightly, lightly tread. 

Here they laid my Lizzie, 
Down among the dead. 

In Memory Of 
William Hands, Esq. 
Who Died 
20 Feb., 1836 
Aged 79 Years 

Mary Abbott 
Wife of 

William Hands • 
Born at Detroit, Mich. 
Dec. 8, 1770 
Died at Sandwich 
Dec. 22, 1860 

R. I. P. 

Henry Banwell 
66 Yrs. 

Dec. 4, 1890 

Space does not permit the printing of the names of 
those whose family plots are in St. John's Churchyard. 
As it was the only Protestant burial place up to 1860 on 
the Canadian side, the majority of the old and influential 
families of Sandwich, Windsor, and some from Detroit 
have their plots here. 




Nelson Endowment Trust 

pROM time to time, former members of St. John's Con¬ 
gregation have left or bequeathed in their wills, money 
or assets to St. John's Church. Of the gifts prior to 1916, 
the writer can find no particular record. However, in 1916, 
Miss Francis Nelson of Windsor left a house and lot on 
Peter Street to St. John's Church with the proviso that the 
income from this property be used, first, for the care of the 
Nelson-Wilkinson lot in the Churchyard, and secondly, 
the rector and wardens could use the balance for any 
purpose felt necessary in the Church. This property was 
sold for $1,750.00. The money was invested in the Synod, 
and the interest is paid yearly to the Rector and Wardens. 

St. John’s Memorial Endowment Fund 

In 1924, Mrs. R. B. Searle left the Church $100.00, and 
in 1928 Mrs. Julia Turville, $100.00. The accrued interest 
on these two amounts before being transferred to the 
Endowment Fund was $28.50. 

In 1929, the church received $500.00 from the estate 
of Mr. James Haggart, all of which was transferred to the 
Endowment Fund. 

In 1929, $500.00 was received from the estate of Mrs. 
M. Mary Boomer, who died in 1925. Of this, $250.00 was 
transferred to the Endowment Fund and the balance put 
into the perpetual care fund of the cemetery to care for 
her lot. 

In 1933, Mr. Michael O'Brien left $300.00 to St. John's 
Church, $100.00 of which was transferred to the Fund. 

In 1934, Mr. Arthur H. Scott left $1,000.00 to provide for 
the care of the Scott lot in the Churchyard, and the balance 
to be used as the Board of Management saw fit. Of this 
$100.00 was transferred to the Endowment Fund. 


In 1938, Mr. Harold Gauthier left $500.00 to St. John's 
Church. $100.00 was paid to the Endowment Fund, and 
$400,00 to the Building Fund of the Church House. 

In 1942, the church received $300.00 from the estate 
of Mrs. Helen Arnold, and $100.00 was transferred to the 
Endowment Fund. 

In 1948, Mr. Stanley Murdock left $1,000.00 to St. John's. 
$347.00 was paid to the Perpetual Care Fund of the Ceme¬ 
tery, and $100.00 to the Endowment Fund. 


JJURING the One Hundred and Fifty years of its history, 
St. John's has been a part of three dioceses and under 
ten bishops. Below are listed the Bishops and the years 
St. John's was under them: 

Rt. Rev. Jacob Mountain, 1802-1825, Diocese of Quebec; 


Rt. Rev. Charles James Stewart, 1826-1837, Diocese of 

Rt. Rev. George Jehoshaphat Mountain, 1837-1839, 
Diocese of Quebec; 


Rt. Rev. John Strachan, 1839-1857, Diocese of Toronto; 


Rt. Rev. Benjamin Cronyn, 1857-1871, Diocese of Huron; 

Rt. Rev. Isaac Hellmuth, 1871-1883, Diocese of Huron; 


Rt. Rev. Maurice Scollard Baldwin, 1883-1904, Diocese of 

Most Rev. David Williams, 1905-1931, Diocese of Huron; 


Most Rev. Charles Allen Seager, 1932-1948, Diocese of 

Rt. Rev. George Nasmith Luxton, 1948- , Diocese of 




Christ Church, Amherstburg 

(formerly known as Ft. Malden) 

Qntil 1819 services were conducted in the Council House 
by the Rev. R. Pollard who served as Chaplain to the 
militia and naval forces settled there. With the building 
and opening of the new brick church on Dec. 12, 1819, a 
separate parish was formed and the Rev. Romaine Rolph 
appointed the first incumbent in 1820. The original brick 
church with additions and improvements still remains 
and is the oldest brick church in the Diocese of Huron. 
The tablets, memorials, and stones in the Churchyard 
reveal the early history of the Church and its connection 
with the military and naval forces stationed there from 
time to time. The records of this parish are complete 
from 1829. 

A mission known as Trinity Church was established 
in Anderdon Township to meet the needs of the country 
district. However with the increased prosperity of the 
country and the general use of the automobile, the con¬ 
gregation preferred to unite with Amherstburg and the 
Church was closed a few years ago. 

The list of the clergy is as follows: Reverends Romaine 
Rolph, 1820-1836; Frederick Mack, 1836-1870; T. C. Des 
Barres, 1870-1874; William Brookman, 1874-1876; Canon 
Falls, 1876-1889; George W. Wye, 1889-1894; John Berry, 
1895-1900; J. F. Parke, 1901-1911; A. B. Forney, 1911-1914; 
H. A. Wright, 1914-1946; R. W. Lane, 1946-1950; D. S. Henry, 


In the records of Rev. R. Pollard who ministered to 
the early settlers, this community was known as "the set¬ 
tlement on Lake Erie". In 1821, a church built of stone 


brought from Pelee Island, was completed and dedicated. 
In time the erosion of the lake was such that this edifice 
was abandoned and a new frame building erected farther 
north, during the incumbency of the Rev. J, Downie in 
1873, In recent years steps have been taken to preserve 
the mins of the original stone church by building a break¬ 
water. In 1896 services were begun in the new and grow¬ 
ing village of Harrow by the Rev. T. F. Whealen and about 
the same time a church was built in Malden Township. 
After Mr. Pollard the following clergy have served the par¬ 
ish from 1842: Revs. F. G. Elliott; R. Fletcher; W. B. Moffatt; 
J. Downie; C. J. Green; R. W. Johnstone; E. Lewis; J. Holmes; 
Henry Banwell; J. W. Ashman; C. R. Matthews; T. F. 
Whealen; J. H. McLeod; J. Hale; W. J. Connor; W. Crarey; 
C. F. L. Gilbert; J. H. Smith; and R. S. Skinner. In 1951 the 
congregation at Harrow felt that they needed a clergy¬ 
man who would be free to devote all his time to the work 
in this growing community and so Harrow was set apart 
as a separate parish and the Rev. E. L. Lake was appointed 
first rector and inducted May 8, 1951. 

Christ Church, Chatham 

According to Reverend Richard Pollard's correspon¬ 
dence with the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 
he started services in what was known as "The settlement 
on the Thames". There were some 500 inhabitants in this 
locality who were without services of any kind. In his 
itinerary he recorded visiting this settlement, holding ser¬ 
vices and baptizing children. The community was not 
unfamiliar to him for as sheriff he had acted for Lieutenant 
Governor Simcoe in the purchase of Indian lands on the 
Thames and on "The Chenaille Ecarte", the modern Sny- 
Carty, as far back as 1792. 

In a letter to the S. P. G. dated 1st of July, 1819, Mr. 
Pollard states, "the Church on the River Thames will be 
finished in the autumn." This church was described by 
Howison as a small wooden structure with a simple spire. 


(Hamil page 187.) In another letter of 7th of January, 1822, 
he states, "Last autumn with the assistance of £25 from 
Dr. Stewart's fund, the people lathed and plastered the 
Church on the River Thames, and lately the Bishop has 
sent an additional £25 with which he proposes to erect a 
pulpit, reading desk, etc. and he hopes to induce the 
people to finish the building and erect a belfry." In a 
letter to the S. P. G., dated April 1824, he states he per¬ 
formed divine service last month at Chatham on the 
River Thames and that the weather and the roads were 
so bad that the people could not bring their children for 
baptism so he proposed a visit in May. In another letter, 
dated in 1824, he states that he visited Chatham as fre- 
uently as circumstances permitted and regretted the cir¬ 
cumstances by which the late arrangements excluded 
them from the advantage of a resident minister. How¬ 
ever, Rev. Mr. Wenham from Port Talbot would occas¬ 
ionally visit among them and use his best efforts to pre¬ 
serve them from sectarian principles. The building was 
a frame church, named St. Pauls, situated on Gaol Street, 
now Stanley Avenue, and it was burned to the ground in 
1869, after being disused since 1861. (Hamil 296.) It was 
the predecessor of the present Christ Church, which to-day 
is the largest and best equipped church in the Deanery of 
Kent. Its list of clergy includes after Richard Pollard: 
Reverends Thomas Morley, 1828-1836; Thomas Brock 
Fuller, 1836-1840; Charles Oliver Wiggins, 1840-1841; Wil¬ 
liam Henry Hobson, 1842-1846; Francis William Sandys, 
1848-1894 (from 1874-1892 Dr. Sandys retired from active 
service but had as curates in succession: Reverends G. C. 
MacKenzie, J. P. Lewis, M. H. Martin, R. McCosh.) R. 
McCosh, 1894-1907; T. S. Boyle, 1908-1910; R. S. W. Howard, 
1910-1919; Ven Archdeacon R. J. M. Perkins, 1919-1940; Ven. 
Archdeacon Roy D. Mess, 1940- 

Christ Church was the only Church until 1843 when 
the Methodists built one; the Roman Catholics in 1844; 
the United Presbyterians in 1844; and the Church of Scot- 


land in 1846; although many of their ministers had held 
services in the community in homes, school-houses and 
other buildings for many years before. 

St. Paul’s Cathedral, Detroit 

No phase of work begun by the Reverend R. Pollard 
has had such spectacular development from such a small 
beginning as that of the work in Detroit, Michigan. Un¬ 
doubtedly during his residence in Detroit, he had made 
many friends and associates; and he also realized the 
necessity and the advantages of the administrations of 
the Church in this growing and independent territory. 
From time to time he crossed the river in his canoe, and 
held services in the Indian Council House in Gladwin 
Park. History also records that he organized a Sunday 
School, baptized children, and ministered to the needs 
of the people. From this beginning property was pur¬ 
chased and a Church was built on Jefferson Boulevard 
near Randolph Street. This Church has been termed the 
cradle of the Episcopal Church in Michigan. In the Parish 
Registrar of St. John's, Sandwich, the first record from 
Detroit is that of Francis Nowland, baptized on August 
27, 1804, at Detroit. Later on, there follow records of 
baptisms, marriages and burials during the ministry of 
Richard Pollard. The Protestants of Detroit were organ¬ 
ized into what was known as The Evangelical Society in 
1817. The name was changed in 1821 to that of the First 
Protestant Society with the Reverend A. W. Welton, an 
Episcopal clergyman from New York, being their first 
minister and who died on September 21, 1822. On Novem¬ 
ber 22, 1824, St. Paul's Parish was organized with the 
Reverend Richard F. Cadle as minister. The next Church, 
Gothic in design , was erected on Woodward Avenue 
near Congress Street in 1827. The corner-stone was laid 
by the Right Reverend John H. Hobart, Bishop of the State 
of New York on August 10. The following Sunday after¬ 
noon, Bishop Hobart accepted an invitation from the 

Bishop of Quebec (Rt. Rev. C. J. Stewart), who was then in 
Sandwich, to preach in the Church in that town. In 1852, 
this Church and property on Woodward Avenue were 
sold; a new site was acquired and a Church was built on 
the corner of Congress and Shelby Streets. This served 
the needs of that growing community until 1901. In 1892, 
property at the corner of Woodward Avenue and Hancock 
was acquired and a chapel built. This is the site of the 
present St. Paul's Cathedral which was opened about 
1901. From a small beginning of services by Richard 
Pollard, there have developed three Episcopal dioceses 
in the State of Michigan. It was the privilege of the 
present Rector of St. John's to be present and speak at 
a meeting held in connection with the Centenary of the 
St. Paul's Cathedral in November, 1924, and also at the 
Centenary of the Diocese of Michigan in 1933. At the 
Protestant Episcopal Church service held at Belle Isle Park 
in connection with Detroit's 250th anniversary celebration 
he was asked to take the opening part of the service. 

St. Stephen’s, Sandwich South & The Redeemer, 
Colchester North 

In 1842, the Rev. T. E. Welby, rector of Sandwich, 
assisted by a prominent layman, Major Sparkes, began 
services in the community on the Talbot Road, known as 
the Irish Settlement. Later a church was built on Howard 
Ave. to the south of the Talbot Road. It was set apart 
as a separate parish about 1900 and the Rev. W. H. 
Hartley (afterwards Archdeacon of Perth) appointed the 
first rector. The Church of the Redeemer was built in 
Colchester North in 1901. 

A new St. Stephen's was built during the incumbency 
of Rev. Dobson Peacock and is one of the most commodious 
of country churches. It is also surrounded by a well-kept 
churchyard. The clergy serving this parish since Rev. 
W. H. Hartley's time have been the Revs. T. F. Whealen, 


J. R. Newell, D. Peacock, F. K. Hughes, L. C. Harrison, E. 
W. McKegney, Jos. Tully, and the present incumbent G. 
C. Dickin. 

AI1 Saints’ Church, Windsor 

Services were first held in Windsor by the Rev. E. H. 
Dewar, rector at Sandwich in 1852 according to the min¬ 
utes of St. John's Church Vestry, Oct. 23, 1852. So success¬ 
ful were these services that the congregation in 1855 was 
able to build the nave of their first church and in 1857 
sufficiently strong to become a separate parish. The Rev. 
E. H. Dewar became the first rector, continuing until 1859. 
For three years the work in Sandwich and Windsor was 
again carried on by one clergyman, the Rev. John Hurst, 
who originally came to Canada as a missionary of the 
C. & C. C. S. to minister to the needs of the coloured popu¬ 
lation in the West. In 1863 he resigned Sandwich and 
devoted all his time to All Saints', Windsor. With the help 
of the C. & C. C. S„ the transepts and chancel were added 
to their church in 1871 and later ground purchased for a 
Sunday School. All Saints' has been enlarged so that it 
now has a seating capacity of 900, and a well-equipped 
parish hall which provides accommodation for the various 
activities of a downtown church. Following the Rev. 
John Hurst the rectors have been: Rev's. Canon St. George 
Caulfield, D.D.; W. H. Ramsay; Canon J. P. Hincks; F. A. 
P. Chadwich (Victoria, B.C.); Arthur Carlisle, afterwards 
Bishop of Montreal; W. A. Earp, now in England; Canon 
P. N. Harding, later Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral, London; 
Canon R. C. Brown, present Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral, 
London; L. Carl Swan, now of St. George's Church, St. 
Catharines; and the present rector W. Gerald Burch. 

To-day All Saints' ranks as the second largest parish 
in the Diocese of Huron. As St. John's, Sandwich, was the 
mother of churches in the 19th century for this district. 
All Saints' Windsor has been for the 20th. The Church 
of the Ascension, St. George's Memorial, St. Paul's and 


St. Andrew's were started by her to meet the needs of 
the growing population in various parts of the city. From 
the history of St. Mary's, Walkerville, we learn that the 
Rev. John Hurst, rector of All Saints, held the first Anglican 
Church services in that community early in 1874. He was 
followed by the Rev. Dr. Caulfield who continued until 
a mission was established embracing Walker ville and the 
Irish Settlement under the incumbency of the Rev. A. H. 
Martin, May 31, 1874. 

St. Andrew’s Memorial Church, LaSalle 

At the request of two Church of England families in 
La Salle, the Reverend H. P. Westgate began services in 
the auditorium of the Colonel Bishop School (which had 
been recently built) on October 5, 1930, under the name 
of Holy Trinity Mission. From that time services were held 
monthly until October, 1948. In 1947 a survey of the com¬ 
munity was made by Mr. Stanley Dodds, a student of 
Huron College, who reported to Archdeacon Westgate 
that there were in La Salle 110 Protestant families, 68 of 
whom were Anglican and the remainder expressed a 
willingness to support an Anglican church if one were 
built there. With the help of Synod, property was ac¬ 
quired on Lafferty Street. Beginning in October 1948, 
regular services were held every Sunday with the help 
of Reverend Joseph Tully and Reverend H. A. Wright, 
superannuated clergymen living in Amherstburg and 
later the Rev. J. R, C. Ding as a part-time curate. In 1949 
the property on Lafferty Street was sold and the present 
site on George Street, between Lafferty and Gladstone, 
was purchased. In the autumn of 1949, a contract was 
let to Mr. Harold Clark for the building of a church on 
this site to be known as St. Andrew's Memorial, La Salle. 
The first sod was turned on 3rd of October, 1949, by Arch¬ 
deacon Westgate and the corner-stone was laid on 12th 
of November, 1949, by the Rt. Rev. G. N. Luxton, D.D., 
Bishop of Huron. The church was officially opened and 


dedicated on 30th of March, 1950, by the Bishop. Arch¬ 
deacon Westgate continued in charge until the 2nd of 
June when the Rev. Alex. J. Newell was inducted as the 
first incumbent in full charge with no other congregations 
to minister to. Through the kindness of Christ Church 
congregation of Amherstburg, the furniture in Trinity 
Church, Anderdon Township, now closed, was given to 
St. Andrew's Memorial Church in La Salle. 



1821 George Jacob and James Little 

1822 John McGregor and Jos. Hamilton 

1823 Wm. Elliott and J. W. Little 
1924 Wm. Hands and J. W. Little 

1825 James Woods and J. W. Little 

1826 Geo. Jacob and Ch. Elliott 

1827 Geo. Jacob and Robert Wrist 

1828 Geo. Jacob and Ch. Aslan 

1829 Geo. Jacob and Joseph Woods 

1830 Geo. Jacob and Ch. Askin 

1831 Geo. Jacob and James Woods 

1832 Geo Jacob and J. L. Williams 

1833 Geo. Jacob and J. A. Wilkinson 

1834 Chas. Eliot and John Prince 

1835 Abraham Unsworth and John Prince 

1836 Abraham Unsworth and John Prince 

1837 Abraham Unsworth and J. B. Laughton 

1838 Abraham Unsworth and J. B. Laughton 

1839 Abraham Unsworth and J. B. Laughton 

1840 Abraham Unsworth and J. B. Laughton 

1841 Wm. R. Wood and L. S. Fluett 

1842 Wm. R. Wood and Thos. Woodbridge 

1843 Wm. R. Wood and Thos. Woodbridge 

1844 Wm. R. Wood and J.B. Laughton 

1845 Wm. R. Wood and A. K. Dewson 

1846 Wm. R. Wood and A. K. Dewson 

1847 Wm. R. Wood and W. P. Vidal 


1848 Wm. R. Wood and W. P. Vidal 

1850 Paul J. Salter and Geo. Bullock 

1851 Paul J. Salter and Geo. Bullock 

1852 Paul J. Salter and Geo. Bullock 

1853 Paul J. Salter and Thos. Woodbridge 

1854 Paul J. Salter and Thos. Woodbridge 

1855 Paul J. Salter and Thos. Woodbridge 

1856 Thomas Woodbridge and John Adley 

1857 Thomas Woodbridge and John Adley 

1858 Thomas Woodbridge and John Adley 

1859 Paul J. Salter and John Adley 

1860 Paul J. Salter and Joseph Miller 

1861 Paul J. Salter and J. H. Wilkinson 

1862 Paul J. Salter and J. H. Wilkinson 

1863 J. Woodbridge and J. H. Wilkinson 

1864 Thomas Wright and J. H. Wilkinson 

1865 Cyrus Dobson and J. H. Wilkinson 

1866 Miles Cowan and Geo. Green 

1867 A. C. Ellis and Geo. Jessop 

1868 A. C. Ellis and J. H. Wilkinson 

1869 Gordon McWhinney and A. C. Ellis 

1870 Gordon McWhinney and A. C. Ellis 

1871 Gordon McWhinney and A. C. Ellis 

1872 Gordon McWhinney and A. C. Ellis 

1873 J. Goddard and John Wright 

1874 G. O'C. Leech and F. Marcon 

1875 G. O'C. Leech and T. Marcon 

1876 G. O'C. Leech and T. Marcon 

1877 John Spiers and Arthur Vernor 

1878 A. C. Vernor and John Spiers 

1879 T. McWhinney and C. H. Ashdown 

1880 Fred Neal and A. C. Vernor 

1881 Fred Neal and A. C. Vernor 

1882 Fred Neal and A. C. Vernor 

1883 A. H. Nelson and A. C. Vernor 

1884 A. H. Nelson and Fred Neal 

1885 A. W. Phillips and Arthur Manser 

1886 A. W. Phillips and John Spiers 

1887 A. W. Phillips and John Spiers 

1888 G. W. Mason and John Spiers 

1889 G. W. Mason and John Spiers 

1890 Jos. Leggett and G. R. M. Pentland 

1891 Jos. Leggett and G. R. M. Pentland 

1892 Fred Neal and G. R. M. Pentland 

1893 John V. Gray and G. R. M. Pentland 


1894 N. McWhinney and G. R. M. Pentlcmd 

1895 N. McWhinney and G. R. M. Pentland 

1896 David Tasker and G. R. M. Pentland 

1897 D. T. Car lay and G. R. M. Pentland 

1898 O. Pickard and G. R. M. Pentland 

1899 W. H. Gray and G. R. M. Pentland 

1900 W. H. Gray and G. R. M. Pentland 

1901 Percy Smiley and David Tasker 
1902-1917 William Hill and David Tasker 

1918 W. G. Wells and David Tasker 

1919 W. G. Wells and David Tasker 

1920 Geo. A. Grant and David Tasker 

1921 Geo. A. Grant and Elmer Pillon 

1922 A. G. Hutchinson and B. G. Sparks 

1923 A. G. Hutchinson and B. G. Sparks 

1924 K. C. Campbell and T. J. Lofthouse 

1925 T. J. Lofthouse and K. C. Campbell 

1926 T. J. Lofthouse and Fred Musson 

1927 Ed. Jessop and Fred Musson 

1928 T. J. Lofthouse and W. D. Robinson 

1929 T. J. Lofthouse and A. G. Hutchinson 

1930 T. J. Lofthouse and A. G. Hutchinson 

1931 T. J. Lofthouse and A. G. Hutchinson 

1932 T. J. Lofthouse and M. T. Loney 

1933 J. F. Twigg and H. J. Bradley 

1934 A. G. Stiles and J. P. Smith 

1935 J. P. Smith and H. J. Bradley 

1936 F. E. Musson and H. J. Bradley 

1937 R. B. Dobson and F. E. Musson 

1938 R. B. Dobson and F. E. Musson 

1939 R. B. Dobson and F. E. Musson 

1940 R. B. Dobson and F. E. Musson 

1941 W. J. Hobbs and L. G. Whittaker 

1942 W. J. Hobbs and L. G. Whittaker 

1943 W. J. Hobbs and L. G. Whittaker 

1944 E. J. Tomkins and L. G. Whittaker 

1945 E. J. Tomkins and L. G. Whittaker 

1946 E. J. Tomkins and L. G. Whittaker 

1947 W. S. Park and A. F. Wilkinson 

1948 W. S. Park and A. C. Shepherd 

1949 W. S. Park and A. C. Shepherd 

1950 G. F. Bunclark and A. C. Shepherd 

1951 G. F. Bunclark and A. F. Wilkinson 

1952 G. F. Bunclark and A. F. Wilkinson—Jan, to June 
1952 T. D. White and C. E. Baxter—July to December 




FIRST of the special services in connection with the 

observance of the 150th anniversary was held on March 
20, marking the 150th anniversary of the ordination of 
Richard Pollard. From the report in the Windsor Daily 
Star of March 21 the following excerpts from Rev. Prof. 
T. R. Millman's address are given. He began his story 
of Mr. Pollard by describing him as "leather-skinned, 
grizzled bachelor, familiar with Indians, trappers, sol¬ 
diers, traders and homesteaders" at the time of his ordin¬ 

Pollard was first known in Detroit and this locality 
as an Indian trader handling various trinkets and novel¬ 
ties from Montreal which were so necessary in bartering 
with the Indians. 

"Whether it was the lack of financial success or other 
reason," Mr. Millman said, "Pollard soon gave up com¬ 
mercial pursuits and became a government employee. 

"In 1792 he become the first sheriff, returning officer 
and postmaster of the province of Upper Canada," Mr. 
Millman said. 

In summing up the story of the beloved founder, Mr. 
Millman said, "Weeds and underbrush have indeed, in 
the passing of 150 years, obscured the earthly path of 
Richard Pollard. 

"We are forced as it were, to push the branches to 
one side to discover traces of him. Being a man of action, 
rather than reflection, he wrote little. 

"He was not great, in any worldly sense of the term, 
neither was he learned or famous but in the sight of his 
fellow-men, he was a straight-forward, simple-minded, 
friendly man, not easily discouraged, faithful in discharg¬ 
ing his duty as a layman and priest." 


"He endured danger, privation, and a kind of genteel 
poverty not unknown to many clergy in all ages," Mr. 
Millman said. 

"Richard Pollard was a pioneer, a layer of founda¬ 
tions, a builder, one who did not bury in a napkin his 
single talent for faithful service. 

"Clergymen who are content to labor as faithfully as 
did the father-founder of this parish, even in obscurity 
and discouragement," Mr. Millman said, "need not feel 
surprised to hear the Divine commendation: 'Well done, 
good and faithful servant'." 


6:30 p.m.—Congregational Banquet. Speaker: Rev. G. 

Paul Musselman, rector of the Mariners' 
Church, Detroit. 

11:00 a.m.—The Rector. 

7:00 p.m.—Rev. D. S. Henry, B.A., Amherstburg. 


11:00 a.m.—Very Rev. R. C. Brown, M.A., D.D., Dean of 
St. Paul's Cathedral, London. 

7:00 p.m.—Rev. Gordon C. Dickin, B.A., R.D., St. Stephen's. 


11:00 a.m.—Very Rev. J. J. Weaver, M.A., D.D., Dean of 
St. Paul's Cathedral, Detroit. 

7:00 p.m.—Rev. L. Carl Swan, M.A., All Saints', Windsor. 


8:00 p.m.—International Night. Rt. Rev. R. S. Emrich, 
D.D., Bishop of Michigan. 

Reception in the Parish Hall after the service 
and the cutting of the Anniversary cake. 


11:00 a.m.—Rev. R. S. Skinner, L.Th., Colchester. 

7:00 p.m.—Rev. A. J. Newell, B.A., La Salle. 


Left to right: Reverend Thomas Smith* Detroit; Right Reverend R. S. Erarich, Bishop of 
Michigan and special preacher at International Night Service; Archdeacon H. P, Westgate; 
Reverend Canon Gordon D. Matthews. Secretary of Diocese of Michigan, 

Archdeacon and Mrs. H. P. Westgate cutting the anniversary cake 
at the reception held after the service on International Night, 
while Bishop and Mrs. Em rich look on. 

This four-story cake was made and donated by Mr. and Mrs. 

Lee T. White, 

The Board of Management of St. Johns Church for 1952. Left to right: Front row—George F. 
Bunclark. rector's warden; Archdeacon H. P. Westgate; A. F. Wilkinson, people's warden; 
back row—A. G. Manning; Roy E. McKee; F. J. Skeggs; L. G. Whittaker, treasurer; William Bowen; 
Charles E. Baxter, vestry clerk. Inset: left—Don Peterson; right—Thomas D. White. 


St. John's stands to-day, even after 150 years of service 
to Christ and the community, as one of the most important 
churches in the Diocese of Huron, even though her territory 
has been considerably reduced by the establishment of 
new parishes. Some 350 families with a total number of 
souls of 1400 are ministered to by the rector. Her actual 
communicant list numbers 500. Financially she has faith¬ 
fully and generously supported every Diocesan project. 
Her budget for 1952 is $10,000.00 including a Diocesan ap¬ 
portionment of $1900.00. This does not include the upkeep 
of the historic cemetery which is a separate account. Below 
is a list of the various organizations which always have, 
and do play an important part in the success of the work 
in the Church. 



Geo. F. Emslie, F.R.C.M. 

Woman's Auxiliary 


Mrs. G. H. P. Walker 

Afternoon Group C. W. G. 


Mrs. W. H. Gamble 

Evening Group C. W. G. 


Mrs. E. E. Wells 

DuChat Club 


Mrs. Thos. Rossell 

Fortnightly Club 


Mrs. J. L. Forster 

Chancel Guild 


Mrs. R. E. Douglas 

Canterbury Club 


Miss Margaret Haller 

Scout Group Committee 


Donald J. Dales 

Girl Guides 


Miss Dorothy Ray 

Junior W. A. 


Mrs. R. B. Innis 

Little Helpers 


Mrs. T. L. Wesling 

The Server's Guild 


The Rector 

Sunday School 


Chas. E. Baxter